Sudipta Deb

Sudipta Deb

Founder of Technical Potpourri, Co-Founder of Shrey Tech, Enterprise Cloud Architect

Introduction Of SOQL

SOQL, or Salesforce Object Query Language, is a query language used to interact with the data stored in Salesforce. It is similar in syntax to SQL, the standard database query language, but is specifically designed for Salesforce data.

SOQL enables developers to construct simple to complex queries against the data in Salesforce. This includes searching, retrieving, and manipulating records stored within Salesforce’s cloud-based platform. It is particularly useful for working with large data sets where you need to quickly find specific records that meet certain criteria.

One of the key features of SOQL is its ability to traverse relationships between objects. In Salesforce, data is stored in objects (akin to tables in a relational database). SOQL allows you to query not just a single object, but also to join related objects and access their fields in a single query. This makes it extremely powerful for extracting related data across different parts of the Salesforce database.

Introduction Of SOSL

SOSL, or Salesforce Object Search Language, is a specialized search language developed by Salesforce for searching text, email, and phone fields across multiple objects simultaneously in the Salesforce environment. Unlike SOQL, which is designed for querying specific objects and fields, SOSL is designed to perform text-based search queries across large datasets and multiple objects at once.

The primary use of SOSL is to quickly search for specific terms or phrases within Salesforce records. It’s particularly useful when the exact location (i.e., in which object or field) of the data is unknown or when the data is spread across multiple objects. For example, if you need to find a contact’s name, an account detail, or a specific email content, SOSL can search across all relevant objects and fields in one go.

SOSL can return results from multiple objects and is highly efficient in situations where a global search is needed. It is often used in global search bars in Salesforce applications, allowing users to search for data across the entire Salesforce database.

While SOQL is more about querying and retrieving structured data from specific objects and fields, SOSL is about searching unstructured text across multiple objects. Both SOQL and SOSL have their unique use cases and are integral to effective data management and retrieval in Salesforce applications. Developers and administrators use SOSL to build dynamic search capabilities into their Salesforce applications, enhancing the user experience and data accessibility.

Return Type of SOQL

A SOQL querty can only return a single record, a list of records, or an Integer, provided COUNT method is being used. 

You can always assign the query to a list of sobjects, then check to see how many elements are there in the list like shown below

List<Account> accountQuery = [SELECT Id,Name FROM Account]; 
if (accountQuery.size() > o) { 
 // execute code 
}

Return Type of SOSL

A list of lists of sObjects, each containing the search results for a certain sObject type, is returned by SOSL commands. The sequence in which the SOSL query provided the result lists for the SOSL statements is always maintained when they are returned.
An empty list for the specified sObject type appears in the search results when an SOSL statements query returns no entries for that sObject type.

List<List<SObject>> searchList = [FIND 'map*' IN ALL FIELDS RETURNING Account (Id, Name), Contact, Opportunity, Lead];
Account [] accounts = ((List<Account>)searchList[0]);
Contact [] contacts = ((List<Contact>)searchList[1]);
Opportunity [] opportunities = ((List<Opportunity>)searchList[2]);
Lead [] leads = ((List<Lead>)searchList[3]);

Disclaimer

This article is not endorsed by Salesforce, Google, or any other company in any way. I shared my knowledge on this topic in this blog post. Please always refer to Official Documentation for the latest information.

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