Sudipta Deb

Sudipta Deb

Founder of Technical Potpourri, Co-Founder of Shrey Tech, Enterprise Cloud Architect

Google Cloud Platform (GCP), renowned for its scalability, security, and versatility, provides a vast range of cloud-based services. To manage these services effectively, GCP incorporates a resource hierarchy model that helps users manage, organize, and control resources. Understanding the structure and flow of this hierarchy is crucial for optimizing resource management and security in GCP.

You can continue reading this blog post or watch my video below.

Resource Hierarchy Overview

At the most basic level, the Google Cloud resource hierarchy is divided into four primary components: the Organization, Folders, Projects, and Resources.

  1. Organization: This is the root node in the hierarchy and represents the topmost level of the hierarchy. It’s directly associated with a domain that’s been verified in your GCP console. The organization is valuable for establishing company-wide policies and to provide full visibility into all of your GCP resources.
  2. Folders: Under the Organization node, we have Folders. They serve as additional layers that can be used to enforce access control policies and group together similar projects. Folders can be used to mirror your company’s departmental structure or different environments like production, staging, and testing.
  3. Projects: Projects act as a trust boundary and make up the basis of creating, enabling, and using all GCP services like managing APIs, enabling billing, adding and removing collaborators, and managing permissions. They can house the resources that correspond to the applications, environments, and systems in your technology stack.
  4. Resources: These are the fundamental components that make up all Google Cloud services, such as Compute Engine instances, Pub/Sub topics, Cloud Storage buckets, and so on. These resources exist within the scope of a project.

Navigating The Resource Hierarchy

Navigating the GCP resource hierarchy is critical for successful project management. At each level of this hierarchy, you can enforce permissions and policies, with the settings trickling down to all entities beneath it.

For instance, permissions granted at the Organization level will cascade down to all Folders, Projects, and Resources within that Organization. Likewise, permissions granted at the Folder level will apply to all the Projects and Resources within that Folder, but not to other Folders. This cascade ensures that permissions and policies are consistently applied, reducing the risk of error and enhancing security.

Benefits of Resource Hierarchy

Understanding and effectively utilizing the Google Cloud Resource Hierarchy offers a number of advantages:

  1. Improved Organization: By logically grouping resources, GCP makes it easier to find and manage resources.
  2. Consistent Policy Application: Policies can be consistently applied and inherited down the hierarchy, ensuring security and access controls are maintained.
  3. Scalability: The hierarchy is designed to support organizations of all sizes, with the capacity to manage extensive resource collections efficiently.
  4. Flexibility: The hierarchy allows for flexible structuring, whether that’s around different teams, projects, environments, or even geographical locations.


The Google Cloud Resource Hierarchy provides an invaluable framework for managing resources in the Google Cloud. It empowers organizations with improved visibility, scalability, and flexibility. Understanding this hierarchy is foundational to effectively and securely managing resources in GCP. While the hierarchy may seem complex, its utility in streamlining project management and security is profound.


This article is not endorsed by Salesforce, Google, or any other company in any way. I shared my knowledge on this topic in this blog post. Please always refer to Official Documentation for the latest information.


  1. Bhaskar Sharma

    This informative blog post on resource hierarchy in Google Cloud provides a clear understanding of the hierarchical structure and organization of resources. The explanations are concise and easy to follow, allowing readers to grasp the concept effectively. The inclusion of examples and diagrams further enhances comprehension. Whether you’re new to Google Cloud or seeking a deeper understanding of resource management, this article serves as a valuable resource. Thank you for sharing this insightful piece

    • Sudipta Deb

      Thank you Bhaskar for your comment. I am happy that you liked my blog post and youtube video.


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